Developing a Public Health Measure of Built Environment to Assess Risk of Nonmedical Opioid Use and Related Mortality in Urban and Non-Urban Areas in New Jersey
Funded by: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Project dates: April 2020 - March 2023
Principal Investigator: Tempalski, Barbara

This study developed and validated a measure of the drug use- and morality-relevant built environment (i.e., the physical and social features of a setting which are theoretically and empirically linked to drug abuse and mortality). The measure captured specific features of both non-urban and urban environments, and also produced a spatial data infrastructure with which to utilize this measure within a Geographic Information System (GIS).

This data and measurement system will allow local public health entities to identify communities with highest risk and vulnerability for non-medical opioid morbidity and mortality, to more strategically allocate resources and funding to these areas, and to design and/or tailor their prevention and harm reduction programs to meet the specific needs of and address the physical and social vulnerabilities of these previously understudied and underserved areas.

Abstract on NIH RePORTER