Disparities in antiretroviral treatment (ART) access by race for men who have sex with men (MSM) with HIV persist. We assessed whether race-based medical mistrust and HIV stigma impact ART adherence among MSM with HIV. Longitudinal data were drawn from a RCT of a messaging intervention to promote sexual health among MSM. Regression models tested associations between baseline race-based medical mistrust, HIV stigma, and ART adherence at follow-up. In multivariable models with the overall sample of MSM with HIV (n = 383), baseline medical mistrust was negatively associated with ART adherence 3-months post-baseline. Among participants of color (i.e., Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, or another race; n = 301), HIV stigma was negatively associated with optimal ART adherence 6-months post-baseline. Medical mistrust was longitudinally associated with reduced ART adherence among racially and ethnically diverse MSM with HIV. HIV-related services might prioritize patients reporting medical mistrust for additional supports.
Race-based medical mistrust, HIV-related stigma, and ART adherence in a diverse sample of men who have sex with men with HIV
AIDS and Behavior, 26 (5), 1456-1466. doi: 10.1007/s10461-021-03500-9. PMCID: PMC9007843.