HIV and HCV infection are readily transmitted among persons who inject drugs (PWID). The epidemics have expanded rapidly, becoming a global health issue. Combined prevention (simultaneously implementing multiple interventions) has been implemented to reduce injection and sexual transmission of HIV and HCV among PWID. Reductions in risky injection and sexual behavior have led to dramatic reductions in HIV in many countries. Whether comparable reductions in HCV transmission can be achieved has yet to be determined. Eliminating HIV and HCV among PWID will require considerable resources and commitment, particularly in low and middle income countries.
Can HIV and HCV infection be eliminated among persons who inject drugs?