The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) Model has been used to understand adherence to medications and intentions to uptake pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV infection. In the current study, the IMB Model was used to understand factors that predict adherence to PrEP among a community-based cohort of 204 Black men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) using structural equation modeling. PrEP motivation was directly associated with PrEP behavioral skills (beta = 0.320, p = 0.009), and PrEP behavioral skills were directly associated with PrEP adherence (beta = 0.416, p = 0.001). PrEP knowledge and PrEP motivation were not associated with PrEP adherence, directly or indirectly. The analysis identified intervenable factors that predicted PrEP adherence. Screening for motivation and behavioral skills could be used to identify where additional support to improve PrEP adherence is needed, or whether to offer alternative PrEP modalities or delivery strategies.
Assessing the Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills model to predict pre-exposure prophylaxis adherence among Black men who have sex with men and transgender women in a community setting in New York City
AIDS and Behavior, 26 (7), 2494-2502. doi: 10.1007/s10461-022-03588-7. PMCID: PMC9167713.